Eastern European Journal of Regional Studies
ISSN: 2537-6179 | e-ISSN: 1857-436X

Volume 3 | Issue 1 | June 2017

The Socio-Demographic Changes in Romania: an Analysis from the Human Development Perspective

Authors: Mioara BORZA, Camelia SOPONARU

Abstract: The social and demographic changes registered in recent years, at European and Romanian level, have produced some effects visible in various reference areas. By this paper, we propose to achieve an empirical analysis meant to emphasize the main socio-economic changes of the last 10 years and their influence on the human society development. Based on the inventory of statistical data referring to the socio-demographic dynamics and using a research methodology based on inductive reasoning, dynamic and dialectics analysis, we will obtain some results of research that indicate: the human development is in positive evolution, even the number of population is decreasing.

Keywords: demographic, society, changes, resources, development, sustainability

Pages:4-13 | Full text (PDF)

The Role of the European Union in the Consolidation of Market Economy in the Republic of Moldova

Authors: Rodica CRUDU, Augustin IGNATOV

Abstract: The European Union is by far the most important economic and development partner of the Republic of Moldova providing wide support for this young democracy to consolidate its fragile institutions. The main aim of this support is to improve the existing socio-economic relations in the country and, therefore, encourage the development of Moldovan market economy. Nowadays, euro- sceptics in the Republic of Moldova as well as in other countries put under the question the efficiency and effectiveness of policies EU has promoted in neighbouring countries. Supported by obscure interests and widely covered by biased mass media, they distort public opinion and denigrate EU backed achievements in Eastern Europe, including in the Republic of Moldova. The present paper comes to bring an impartial insight and a disinterested view upon the role of EU in consolidating market economy in neighbouring countries considering the experience of the Republic of Moldova in this sense. The research takes into account reliable data-sources on the base of which it is performed the quantitative and qualitative analyses and are drawn coherent conclusions. The research through the use of economic analysis provides consistent arguments assessing the impact of EU support upon Moldovan market economy and its institutional framework.

Keywords: Transition; market economy; structural support; democratic institutions; Eastern Europe

Pages:14-23 | Full text (PDF)

In-Depth Teaching on European Union Matters for Future Professionals Related to Industry 3.0 and Industry 4.0

Authors: Leonid MELNYK, Iryna DEHTYAROVA, Oleksandr KUBATKO

Abstract: Future professionals in fields, which are in increasing demand on the labour market, need “Learning in Depth”. Such approach ensures that every student becomes familiar with specific EU issues they may choose to specialize on. It can be achieved via employing different teaching methodologies and technics.  Developing in-depths learning materials, including hand-outs, power point presentations, tutorials materials, video-lectures, open on-line courses are part of this approach. Instead of traditional face-to-face lecturing, it implements lectures with open discussions and game simulations, targeting in particular cross-cultural peculiarities for sustainable development fostering based on achievements of Industry 3.0 and Industry 4.0. Much of the attention would be paid for the debates as a part of learning by doing methodology. The basic here is the Karl Popper format of debates. Its extended format with Government and Opposition as two confronting parties is preferable, modelled by debates with NGOs participation, local government, business, developers, and active citizens. The other type of team-work projects are round tables discussions, during which global scale issues will be simulated, where each student would need to become an expert for solving critical issues. There would be specific tasks of modelling production/consumption nets, including those achieved by social and solidarity economies.

Keywords: in-depth teaching, in-depths learning, Karl Popper debates, social and solidarity economies, Industry 3.0, Industry 4.0

Pages: 24- 30 | Full text (PDF)

Cross-Border Tourism and its Significance for Tourism Destinations


Abstract: This article is concerned with cross-border tourism. It enhances the importance of cross-border cooperation in tourism. Cross-border cooperation is a form of international cooperation, along with interregional, transitional and trans-frontier cooperation. Cross-border regions often share the same historical and cultural traditions and attractive natural landscapes, such is the case of the Republic of Moldova and Romania. In both cases, cross-border regions can benefit from cooperation – cooperation can help create greater diversity and differentiation of the range of tourism and environmental products; create economies of scale and make promotion more effective, and can help better address specific problems or issues for tourism development.

Keywords: cross-border tourism, cross-border cooperation, tourism destination

Pages: 31- 40 | Full text (PDF)

The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on the Economy of Republic of Moldova

Authors: Ion STURZU, Corina GRIBINCEA, Alexandr GRIBINCEA

Abstract: This study examines the implications of the FDI on economy of the Republic of Moldova. Using a data approach, the results show that global financial and economic crisis of 2008-2009 has strongly influenced the dynamics of FDI. Our results also demonstrate that Moldova needs to take cardinal measures to overcome the crisis phenomenon and to direct its economy on ascending development trajectory.

Keywords:  Republic of Moldova, capital flow, foreign direct investment, strategy of investment attraction, balance of payments.

Pages: 41- 50 | Full text (PDF)

Professional Balance and it’s Psychological Valences

Authors: Mariana ZUBENSCHI

Abstract: The harmony in the workplace of psycho-emotional stability, presents a revolutionary assurance of balance theory, launched in 1958, by the notorious scholar in cognitive psychology Fritz Heider, who studied at the Institute of Psychology in Berlin, with Kohler, Wertheimer and Lewin. Heider researched the environmental factors and their perception by different objects. The balance theory demonstrates a broad applicability in socio-psychology as it addresses either classical research, or attribution, or exploration of new attributive ideas and extensions: such as implicit causality of the verb in communication. Also, the balance theory provides apprehensions about the mechanism of causal reasoning that underlies at the retrospective base of prejudice, also about the justification of personal actions by attributing relational models, and the attribution of errors and successes in the contexts of organizational psychology. The balance theory in professional field, assumes the phrase of an adequate mental state in carrying out the professional activity. Therefore, an increasing number of employed people, became concerned about the ability to achieve the balance between the professional and the personal sphere, which was called "the Graal of the job" by Buckner and Sandholz in 2003. This article, comes with the novelty, in disscussing the relations of psychosocial components on professional balance.

Keywords: the balance theory, the socio-cognitive model, the professional imbalance.

Pages: 51-59 | Full text (PDF)

Innovations as a Factor for Ensuring Economic Safety

Authors: Maxim SANDU, Lilia ŞARGU, Alexandr GRIBINCEA

Abstract: In modern conditions of development of the competitive environment, one of the main ways to solve economic, social and environmental problems is to use the latest achievements of science and technology. Each enterprise seeks to ensure that economic growth is intense, i.e. to be a consequence of the application of more sophisticated factors of production and technology. The prerequisite for intensive growth is the use of innovative strategy in the practical activities of enterprises. The end result of innovations is the materialization and industrial development of innovation, the idea of which can be the scientific and technical activity, and marketing research to identify unmet needs. The innovations are an effective defensive reaction of the firm to the emerging threats of losing market place, constant pressure from competitors, the challenge of new technologies, shortening the life of products, legislative restrictions and changing the market situation. In the offensive version, the innovation is a mean of exploiting new opportunities to preserve or gain a competitive advantage. In the long term aspect, the company has no choice but to pursue an innovation policy, which is the only source of lasting success. The main objective of researching the innovation activity of any organization is to ensure competitiveness in market conditions in order to identify risk factors and ways to overcome them.

Keywords: Innovation policy, innovation advantage, competitiveness, economic security, innovative component, model of economy.

Pages: 60- 69 | Full text (PDF)

Sub-Regional Cooperation of the Republic of Moldova on the South-East European Dimension

Authors: Maria DIACON

Abstract: Formation of the country image on the world arena can be analyzed from the perspective of sub-regional cooperation. In this respect, we emphasize that Moldova has joined a number of initiatives, programs and organizations which, by their status and the range of the promoted objectives, became "antechamber" to the European Union. Fixing the borders of the sub-regional cooperation area, we note that in the Central Europe Moldova attends the Central European Initiative, while in the South-East Europe are carried out activities in the South-East European Cooperation Process and the Organization for the Black Sea Economic Cooperation and assists in the Organization for Democracy and Economic Development GUAM.

Keywords: Republic of Moldova, regional cooperation, European process, European integration, advantages

Pages: 70 - 80 | Full text (PDF)

Conceptual Approach to Innovation - a Modern Tool to Enhance Entrepreneurial Competitiveness

Authors: Elena SIMCIUC , Cristina COŞCIUG

Abstract: The paper studies the evolution of the innovation process generations, analyzes the meaning of the innovation concept and its influence on the performance of the economic agents. The issue addressed: the lack of a harmonized and unanimously accepted terminology of the term „innovation” leads to permanent discussions on this subject and to the impossibility of developing the harmonized methodology of its evaluation. Research methods: observation, analysis of documents, scientific papers and works. Conclusion: A significant number of studies have examined the impact of different forms of innovation and its effects on business performance, the findings indicating expressly that innovation, in its various forms and aspects, was the strongest predictor of business performance.

Keywords: innovation, innovation management, knowledge, entrepreneurs’ performance

Pages: 81-88 | Full text (PDF)

Regional E-Infrastructure and Services for Research and Education in EAP Countries

Authors: Petru BOGATENCOV, Grigore SECRIERU

Abstract: In the paper considering approaches and solutions for development of modern regional e-Infrastructure resources for providing specific services to the research and educational communities in countries supported by European Eastern Partnership Programme. Over the past several years the dependence of research and education on access to high-speed networking infrastructures, to large-scale computing and other e-Infrastructures’ services is rapidly increasing. e-Infrastructure designates a new generation of integrated ICT based resources, services and is widely considered as a key enabler for scientific and social development. Such infrastructures represent a distributed medium based on high-bandwidth networks, distributed Grid computing, High Performance Computing (HPC), scientific Cloud resources and respective data repositories. The focus is made on describing the various services that are deploying in the Eastern Partnership countries to support educational and research activities in universities and research centers. Argued importance of developing of Research and Educational networks as a key e-Infrastructures’ enables. Described expected outcomes of regional projects supported by European Commission in the area on regional infrastructures and modern services deployment for research and education.

Keywords: regional networking infrstructure, e- infrastructures and services for reserch and education

Pages: 89- 101 | Full text (PDF)