Eastern European Journal of Regional Studies
ISSN: 2537-6179 | e-ISSN: 1857-436X

Volume 1 | Issue 2 | December 2015

E-invoicing in EU public procurement as a tool for cross border trade barriers elimination

Authors: Oleksandr TSARUK

Abstract: Public Procurement of goods and services always was one of the principal element of e-procurements because it effects economic growth, describes governments' public services and national competitiveness, level of human capital growth in a long run. Furthermore, researching EU policy on e-procurements demands to observe legislature essence and technological models of e-procurement solutions because none of which has not been developed as the universal one yet. Basic European agreements on public procurements and trade, combining with the currently used public procurement models, force to develop a commonly used framework for all EU countries. Monitoring of EU e-procurement system as model for implementation at Eastern partnerships countries was also suggested.

Keywords: public procurement, e-procurements, e-invoicing, European Union, Eastern Partnerships

Pages: 5-10 | Full text (PDF)

Analysis of local budgets revenues in the Republic of Moldova: level, structure and dynamics for 2008-2014 years

Authors: Andrei PETROIA

Abstract: This paper consist largely of analysis of the local budgets revenues of the Republic of Moldova for the period of 2008-2014. The analysis can not offer many information in dynamics due to the few number of years, but we tried to make an analyze of the situation. Informational support of the work are the laws and regulations of the country; data provided by the Ministry of Finance, National Bureau of Statistics and the literature. The purpose of this paper is to approach each category of income and part of it, the time evolution of local budget revenues over several consecutive years of budget income distribution in the directions of the Republic of Moldova, and analysis of each component of the local budget. In this paper, we have analyzed in dynamics structure in total revenues of local budgets, in national public budget, in state budget and in GDP. The main components analyzed were: tax and non-tax revenues, revenues without grants and transfers, grants and transfers from the state budget. Also we have attracted special attention to direct and indirect taxes, as well as their components.The necessity of this study is to present a clear and concise form of the administrative-territorial units' budget feature, conceptual notions, policies which are reflected on local revenues in Moldova. This paper aims possibility of revising the budget system structure, improve financial relations within it and its evolution, but it does not reflect fully all matters related to the budget system.

Keywords: local budgets revenues, budget income distribution, budget system structure

Pages: 11-21 | Full text (PDF)

The European Neighbourhood Policy. Challenges for the Eastern Partnership: what's next?

Authors: Cristina JANDÎC, Maia PISANIUC

Abstract: The world we are living in changes day by day. To adapt better it is important to know what challenges exist. In this research paper I will focus my attention on the European Neighbourhood Policy of the European Union and more precisely on the Eastern Partnership in order to understand what were the reasons to create such a platform, what are the priorities and how it must change in order to ensure the spreading of the democratic values and European standards outside the EU borders. The methods used in this research paper are chronologically and progressive analysis.

Keywords: European Neighborhood Policy, Eastern Partnership

Pages: 22-28 | Full text (PDF)

Study of improvement of indices maize line to establish their position in hybrids

Authors: Oxana DIRZU-COCOS

Abstract: Corn (Zea mays L.) crop that is grown on large areas - over 140 million hectares worldwide, and 400-500 thousand ha in Moldova due to production potential broad diversity of use as food for humans, animals, birds raw material for industrial processing. The upward trend in average yields achieved is largely attributed to the improvement of scientific programs. Select the line with the characters and traits that are transmitted hereditary hybrids and contribute to their performance, ensure progress in improvement. Therefore, the process of creating inbred lines associated with combining ability testing as a measure of productivity conferred hybrids, is significant research programs. Orientation purpose of improved maize hybrids to formulas and simple change to a superior capitalization heterosis effect and perfect uniformity of plant requires changes in methodology for the creation, evaluation and classification of inbred lines.

Keywords: corn, hybrid breeding, heterosis, inbred lines, phenotypic groups, heterotic groups, hybrid combinations, diallel crosses, etc.

Pages: 29-31 | Full text (PDF)

European integration dimension of Republic of Moldova as development path in a globalization setting

Authors: Natalia ANTOCI

Abstract: In a global market economy, the opening towards outward, standard harmonization and convergence of national economies can create the necessary synergy in order to address the challenges of globalization. Republic of Moldova needs to develop partnership relations with European Union (EU) countries, which have experience in relation to commodity markets, and without which it is difficult to modernize the economy and diversify its export. Moldova's integration into the European Union allows increasing dynamism and sustainability of the economic system of our country and allows implementing a new model of economic growth according to EU Member States' experience.

Keywords: globalization process, foreign trade, Association Agreement with EU

Pages: 32-38 | Full text (PDF)

The interaction of science and higher education in the higher education system of the Republic of Moldova

Authors: Cristina COSCIUG, Elena SIMCIUC

Abstract: This article analyses the situation in the sphere of science and higher education integration in the Republic of Moldova, produced within the international project FKTBUM "Fostering the knowledge triangle in Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova". The authors consider the main indicators that show the results of research activities at universities and their role in the transfer of the latest scientific achievements in the educational process. The authors attempt to rehabilitate Moldovan universities based on the capacity assessment of higher education institutions of the Republic of Moldova, undertaken by a committee of experts in 2014, which states that the national system of higher education in the Republic of Moldova is focused more on the educational component, considering research activities at universities as a minor component. It is proved that higher education institutions of the country, being a cradle of scientific staff, are so closely associated with science that it is incompetent to separate these phenomena. It is stated that the academic staff actively participates in scientific research and develops an excellent platform to promptly disseminate its results in the society. The comparative data provided in the article include a number of leading universities of the Republic of Moldova and reflect the extent of their participation in publishing and project activities, their role in the training of new scientists. The authors draw attention to the fact that funds for scientific research are distributed unequally, which is a constraint to the involvement of universities in research activities. Comparing investment activities in science in different countries, the level of university graduates' involvement in research activities, the authors arrive at a conclusion about the need to appeal to the European experience, where the involvement of scientific and teaching staff in research activities is encouraged and strongly supported by the state, private business structures and autonomous university policy, which becomes extremely important if we take into account that the Republic of Moldova has signed an Association Agreement with the European Union.

Keywords: educational process, educational standard, reproduction of scientific staff, research structure, scientific activity

Pages: 39-51 | Full text (PDF)

Company Slogan and a Vivid Image of a Trademark - as Main Components of a Strong Brand


Abstract: Among other methods, good brand managers always affect clients and strengthen their fidelity to the brand by means of company advertising slogans and vivid images associated with this brand. Slogans may function as useful “levers” or “hooks” helping clients to understand the essence of a trademark and its peculiarity, as well as to nail in clients' minds the established image of a strong
brand. One of the “hooks” attracting attention to brand and helping to nail it in a common man's mind – is a company (advertising) slogan - short message or motto, which actively presents the key theme of the brand in general or of a certain advertising campaign, and contains substantial information, reflecting the essence of campaign's or product's marketing offer. One must admit that it is nice to recall favorite philosopher's aphorisms or sayings while getting up in the morning, and to whistle an aria from a renowned opera on your way to work. However, more often people sing unsophisticated verses about the “sign of a good taste” and get annoyed by a trivial call to “have a break” going round in their heads. This means that the advertisement of popular chocolate bars and drinks has hit its target. The main lever for success in generation of a positive and recognizable brand image - is the slogan and its graphic image in consumer's mind. Together with other brand components (logo, corporate colors, sound or music image) a slogan generates the system of constant elements which ensure the brand's internal unity and are aimed at creation of exposure effect. To some extent, we all are “ad eaters” and are always capable of estimating an ad, even if it is at the level of feelings: whether we like it or not. So why a certain advertisement can make us smile, elicit good feelings and cause an urge to buy product/service that is being advertised, and another one - evokes disappointment and annoyance? The answer is obvious: the first one was created professionally and correctly from the point of view of advertising technology and branding and with consideration of consumer's psychology. While the other one is dilettantish

Keywords: Company Slogan, Vivid Image, Strong Brand

Pages: 52-57 | Full text (PDF)

Views regarding methodology of contemporary European studies

Authors: Grigore VASILESCU, Cristina MORARI

Abstract: The article analyzes some very important questions of contemporary European Studies, such as actually situation, problems existing in this domain, the specific of European Studies methodology from the multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary points of views. A particular attention is paid towards the systematization, classification and analysis of the most important European Studies methods, inclusively generally, particularly and specific ones. Also, a special reference is made to the present necessities and perspectives of the future development of the European Studies methodology. In this way, there are identified a range of problems that face European Studies methodology. Through them is underlined the weakness of European Studies methodology as it is a very young domain. Another problem is the controversy of the issue, because there are a lot of visions and opinions regarding the status of European Studies methodology. The existing problems in the domain of European Studies methodology can be explained by the fact that European Studies and especially some of its compartments as Political European Studies had developed their own methodologies recently. That is why, their methodology is not yet recognized by the all researchers in domain and thus it is not transferred to students and young researchers through methodology teaching… .

Keywords: European Studies, European Integration, Europe, European Studies Methodology, Methods, methodological levels, scientific research.

Pages: 58-72 | Full text (PDF)

Management of retail chains


Abstract: Background: Despite the diversity of theoretical and methodological approaches to the formation of customer focus in the management of companies, theoretical and methodological provisions are necessary, including approaches to the management of consumer value of trade service, assessment of efficiency of trade networks, personnel management system, which allow us to implement customer-oriented approach in the trading networks taking into account specifics of trade service. Methods: In this article, based on comparative analysis and sociological study, the analysis was carried out as to 5 trading networks in Russia and Moldova.

Keywords: retail networks, efficiency, strategies of development

Pages: 73-79 | Full text (PDF)

The new investment instruments developed in the international financial market

Authors: Rodica HÎNCU, Ana LITOCENCO

Abstract: The development of an economy in general is conditioned by the investment and business environment of a country. The investment activity has an increasing impact on the level of competitiveness and performance of an economical agent that may contribute to the business expansion, providing and selling higher qualitative services and goods. In the same time, taking into account that the participants of the financial market become sometimes more cautious in their activity as a result of different events, as financial crisis that take place, the financial market may be very flexible and may develop extremely fast without even having a support from the regulatory and supervisory authorities. In this regard, the article aims to reflect the new investment instruments that have been developed all over the world as a result of the world financial crisis, instruments that are rapidly expanding in the financial markets lately, and what are the main difficulties and problems related to these instruments.

Keywords: investment, financial market, lending, risks, financial resources, field.

Pages: 80-90 | Full text (PDF)

The Ecologization Megatrend of World Economy and the response to it by Republic of Moldova in the context of European integration

Authors: Zorina SISCAN

Abstract: The article reflects the outcomes of the author's first phase of research on Ecologization which is conceptualized as a socio-economic megatrend as well as the megatrend of world economy. The author argues for the fact that Ecologization is not homogeneous megatrend but embraces many trends, some of them are even opposite by their character. In doing so, the author distinguishes several dimensions and various forms of the manifestation of the megatrend. The article also includes some results on the author's study on the response of the Republic of Moldova to Ecologization in the context of the state's European integration.

Keywords: megatrend, ecologization, world economy, Republic of Moldova.

Pages: 91-105 | Full text (PDF)

Relationship between rural tourism and environment

Authors: Cristina Cosciug

Abstract: The article reveals both positive and negative effects of interaction between rural tourism and the environment, enumerates basic normative acts which regulate these relations in the Republic of Moldova and emphasizes the dependence of tourism resources on the preferred forms of tourism. There are described various kinds of tourism activities in rural areas in terms of their effect on the environment, as well as various environment components that influence greatly human health. We have also provided some activities of a number of Moldovan rural complexes and examples of the resulting interdependence of environmental quality and the demand for recreation in the region.

Keywords: rural tourism, environment, tourism resources, forms and types of tourism.

Pages: 106-119 | Full text (PDF)

The economic impact of refugees

Authors: Silvia LAZARI, Lilia ȘARGU, Alexandru GRIBINCEA

Abstract: Migration is a feature of social and economic life across many countries, but the profile of migrant populations varies considerably. In part this is because of the variety of sources of migration. In much of Europe, for example, citizens enjoy extensive rights to free movement. In Australia, Canada and New Zealand, managed labour migration plays an important role. Other sources include family and humanitarian migration. Whatever its source, migration has important impacts on our societies, and these can be controversial. The economic impact of migration is no exception

Keywords: migration, refugees, remittances, financial, economic factors.

Pages: 120-126 | Full text (PDF)

Major European transport corridors and their role in the Republic of Moldova development

Authors: Vladislav MACHIDON

Abstract: In this work, was presented the transport system from a geographical and economical point of view, as a result, the accent was placed on the spatial structure of the transport networks and on the connection between transport system and international economic relations. The objective of the Transport Corridors Project for Moldova is to improve road transport connectivity and safety on selected road sections along expressway one and the north-south transport corridor in the country. Also, were set the development priorities of these corridors and its formation to European parameters. The study was concluded with the presentation of some recommendations: supports strategic infrastructure investments to develop an improvement program for transport corridors, liberalization of national railway networks, as well as restoring effective activity of fluvial transport.

Keywords: transport, corridors, transport system, infrastructure, development.

Pages: 127-139 | Full text (PDF)